Apollo Moon Landing ‘Flag Mystery’ Solved

An enduring question ever since the manned moon landings of the 1960s has been: Are the flags planted by the astronauts still standing? Now, lunar scientists say the verdict is in from the latest photos of the moon taken by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC): Most do, in fact, still stand.

“From the LROC images it is now certain that the American flags are still standing and casting shadows at all of the sites, except Apollo 11,” LROC principal investigator Mark Robinson wrote in a recent blog post. “Astronaut Buzz Aldrin reported that the flag was blown over by the exhaust from the ascent engine during liftoff of Apollo 11, and it looks like he was correct!”

Each of the six manned Apollo missions that landed on the moon planted an American flag in the lunar dirt. Scientists have examined images of the Apollo landing sites before for signs of the flags, and seen hints of what might be shadows cast by the flags. However, this wasn’t considered strong evidence that the flags were still standing. Now, researchers have examined photos taken of the same spots at various points in the day, and observed shadows circling the point where the flag is thought to be.


Most scientists had assumed the flags hadn’t survived more than four decades of harsh conditions on the moon. In recent years, photos from the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter have also shown other unprecedented details of the Apollo landing sites, such as views of the lunar landers, rovers, scientific instruments left behind on the surface, and even the astronauts’ boot prints. These details are visible in photos snapped by the probe while it was skimming just 15 miles (24 kilometers) above the moon’s surface.

Do you believe that American flags on the moon have indeed survived its harsh conditions and are still standing? Share your thoughts and opinions with us through the comment box below!

Source: Yahoo News

Image: CS Monitor

Study: Women Drive Romance

A study of mobile phone calls suggests that women call their spouse more than any other person.

The study has been published in the journal Scientific Reports. It also shows that men call their spouse most often for the first seven years of their relationship. They then shift their focus to other friends. According to the study’s co-author, Professor Robin Dunbar of Oxford University, UK, the investigation shows that pair-bonding is much more important to women than men.

“It’s the first really strong evidence that romantic relationships are driven by women,” he told BBC News. “It’s they who make the decision and once they have made their mind up, they just go for the poor bloke until he keels over and gives in!”


Prof Dunbar also claims that the findings suggest that human societies are moving away from a patriarchy back to a matriarchy. This kind of anthropological study is normally very difficult to do because it is hard for researchers to get such a big picture of people’s lives. But by looking at an at an extremely large mobile phone database, they were able to track these changes extremely accurately.

The researchers say that a woman’s social world is intensely focussed on one individual and will shift as a result of reproductive interests from being the mate to children and grandchildren. According to Prof Dunbar, the data suggests that “at root the important relationships are those between women and not those between men”.

“Men’s relationships are too casual. They often function at a high level in a political sense, of course; but at the end of the day, the structure of society is driven by women, which is exactly what we see in primates,” he explains.

Do you agree that women rather than men create more drive and stability in a relationship? Share with us your views and experiences!

Source: BBC News

Image: The Times of India